This article, first published online on October 22, 2016 in the Health Policy & Planning Journal, was co-written by Aline Philibert, Marion Ravit, Vale ́ry Ridde, Inès Dossa, Emmanuel Bonnet, Florent Bedecarrats and Alexandre Dumont and is a quasi experimental before-and-after study about the maternal and neonatal health impact of obstetrical risk insurance scheme in Mauritania.  The artice is available to download below. 


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Philibert, A., Ravit, M., Ridde, V., Dossa, I., Bonnet, E., Bedecarrats, F., & Dumont, A. (2016). Maternal and neonatal health impact of obstetrical risk insurance scheme in Mauritania: a quasi experimental before-and-after study. Health Policy and Planning. Download



A variety of health financing schemes shaped on pre-payment scheme have been implemented across Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to address the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In Mauritania, the Obstetric Risk Insurance package (ORI) focusing on maternal and perinatal health has been progressively implemented at the health district level since 2002. Here, our main objective was to assess the effectiveness of the ORI in increasing facility-based delivery rates, as well as increases in family planning, antenatal and postnatal care, caesarean delivery and neonatal health, from demographic and health survey data between 2002 and 2011. We also examined whether the effects of the ORI varied between strata of the population. The study was based on a quasi-experimental before-and-after design to assess the causal link between availability of ORI and increase in use of maternal health services and neonatal mortality. In combination with geographical information system, difference-in-differences and odd ratio approaches were used to address our objectives. Indicators of access to care for pregnant women and neonatal health and improved in both non-intervention and intervention groups during the study period. There was no global effect of the availability of ORI on facility-based delivery rates, nor on the use of antenatal and postnatal care services, except for qualified antenatal services. However, delivery rates in local health centres with ORI increased more rapidly than in those with no ORI, the contrary was shown for hospitals. Caesarean delivery and family planning decreased with ORI. Although late neonatal mortality rates remained low in the country, a significant decrease was seen in districts without ORI. Except for some strata of the population, ORI has not really met its objective of attracting more pregnant women towards facility-based health care.


Corresponding author. Aline Philibert, CINBIOSE, Université du Québec à Montréal, Case postale 8888, Succursale Centre-ville, Montréal (Québec) H3C 3P8 Canada, e-mail:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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