Valéry Ridde, Emmanuel Bonnet, Aude Nikiema, Kadidiatou Kadio (2013) A spatial analysis of a community-based selection of indigents in Burkina Faso, 10-19. In Global Health Promotion 20 (1 Suppl). [pdf]


Over recent decades, Burkina Faso has improved the geographic accessibility of its health centres. However, patients are still required to pay point-of-service user fees, which excludes the most vulnerable from access to care. In 2010, 259 village committees in the Ouargaye district selected 2649 indigents to be exempted from user fees. The 26 health centre management committees that fund this exemption retained 1097 of those selected indigents. Spatial analysis showed that the management committees retained the indigents who were geographically closer to the health centres, in contrast to the selections of the village committees which were more diversified. Using village committees to select indigents would seem preferable to using management committees. It is not yet known whether the management committees’ selections were due to a desire to maximize the benefits of exemption by giving it to those most likely to use it, or to the fact that they did not personally know the indigents who were more geographically distant from them, or that some villages are not represented at the management committees.