Technological solutions for an effective health surveillance system for road traffic crashes in Burkina Faso

Global Health Action journal coverThis article, written by Emmanuel Bonnet, Aude Nikiéma, Zoumana Traoré, Salifou Sidbega and Valéry Ridde, was published on June 2nd, 2017, in the Volume 10, issue 1 of the Global Health Action Journal. It presents the methodology and implementation of, and quality of results produced by, technological solutions for a road traffic crash and trauma surveillance system in the city of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso. (suite…)

Présentations: stratégies d’empowerment et évaluation de la mise en oeuvre.

Ces deux présentations ont été données le lundi 3 octobre dans le cadre d’une conférence organisée par la Chaire REALISME à l’IRSPUM. Pierre Lefèvre, docteur en sociologie, abordait la théorie de la diffusion des innovations de Rogers et son application au cas de l’institutionnalisation des stratégies d’ « empowerment » dans le contrôle de la dengue à Cuba. Dennis Pérez Chacon, docteure en sociologie et sciences de la santé, intervenait quant à elle sur le thème d’un cadre théorique pour évaluer la fidélité de la mise en œuvre des interventions de santé publique adaptatives. (suite…)

Developing a Social Autopsy Tool for Dengue Mortality: A Pilot Study

Article de María José Arauz, Valéry Ridde, Libia Milena Hernández, Yaneth Charris, Mabel Carabali & Luis Ángel Villar publié le 6 février sur PLoS ONE 10(2).

Résumé:

Background: Dengue fever is a public health problem in the tropical and sub-tropical world. Dengue cases have grown dramatically in recent years as well as dengue mortality. Colombia has experienced periodic dengue outbreaks with numerous dengue related-deaths, where the Santander department has been particularly affected. Although social determinants of health (SDH) shape health outcomes, including mortality, it is not yet understood how these affect dengue mortality. The aim of this pilot study was to develop and pre-test a social autopsy (SA) tool for dengue mortality.

Methods and Findings: The tool was developed and pre-tested in three steps. First, dengue fatal cases and ‘near misses’ (those who recovered from dengue complications) definitions were elaborated. Second, a conceptual framework on determinants of dengue mortality was developed to guide the construction of the tool. Lastly, the tool was designed and pre-tested among three relatives of fatal cases and six near misses in 2013 in the metropolitan zone of Bucaramanga. The tool turned out to be practical in the context of dengue mortality in Colombia after some modifications. The tool aims to study the social, individual, and health systems determinants of dengue mortality. The tool is focused on studying the socioeconomic position and the intermediary SDH rather than the socioeconomic and political context.

Conclusions: The SA tool is based on the scientific literature, a validated conceptual framework, researchers’ and health professionals’ expertise, and a pilot study. It is the first time that a SA tool has been created for the dengue mortality context. Our work furthers the study on SDH and how these are applied to neglected tropical diseases, like dengue. This tool could be integrated in surveillance systems to provide complementary information on the modifiable and avoidable death-related factors and therefore, be able to formulate interventions for dengue mortality reduction.

 

Télécharger l’article complet:
Arauz, M. J., Ridde, V., Hernández, L. M., Charris, Y., Carabali, M., & Villar, L. Á. (2015). Developing a Social Autopsy Tool for Dengue Mortality: A Pilot Study. PLoS ONE, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117455 Download